1- Analysis of the Relationship between Employees’ Attitude to the Structural Dimensions and Employees’ Empowerment in Nasooz Gostaran Fidar Company
Mostafa Salehzadeh*1, Najm Moghadam doost2, Sirous Korahi Moghadam3- 8846
International Journal of Scientific Management and Development, September 2017, Vol. 5, No. 9, pp: 415-423
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Company's organizational structure due to the tendency towards mechanical and inherent characteristics (High formalization and complexity, centralization, and planned behaviors in the form of regulations) of this structure is limiting the process of employees’ empowerment (Competence, self-determination, significance, effectiveness) in the organization. Employees’ empowerment is a very effective tool based on management changing approach so that by using it, organizations can take important long and fast steps on the path of development and growth. Since human is the base of organizational changes, this study investigates the relationship between employees’ attitude to the structural dimensions of the organization and employees’ empowerment in Nasooz Gostaran Fidar Co. The statistical population of this study includes all employees who work in Nasooz Gostaran Fidar Co. The population includes 230 employees of Nasooz Gostaran Fidar Co. based on statistics and information of this organization which are calculated 145 people (99 men and 46 women) by using stratified random sampling and through Cochran’s Formula. Robins’ (1989) Organizational Structure Questionnaire and Spritzer’s Employees’ Empowerment Questionnaire are used to collect data. This study in terms of purpose is a practical research. Classification of this study based on methodology is descriptive and by survey method. Descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage and graphs) and inferential statistics (Kolmogorov-Smirnov test) are used to analyze data. Then, in order to examine hypotheses of the study, structural equation and Pearson correlation coefficient are used and also to respond to the secondary hypotheses, One Sampling T-Test is used. To evaluate overall fitting of the research model, structural equation modeling is used. Measurement Model Test in LISREL software includes confirmatory analysis that evaluates discriminant validity. The results in the level of (p<0.05) show that organizational structure and formalization and centralization have a significant relationship with employees’ empowerment but there is an inverse relationship between complexity and employees’ empowerment.
Key Words: Employees’ Attitude, Organizational Structure, Formalization, Complexity, Centralization, Employees’ Empowerment.